How to Install LAMP Stack on Ubuntu 24.04 Server/Desktop

This tutorial is going to show you how to install LAMP stack on Ubuntu 24.04 LTS. A software stack is a set of software tools bundled together. LAMP stands for Linux, Apache, MariaDB/MySQL, and PHP, all of which are open source and free to use.

It is the most common software stack that powers dynamic websites and web applications.

  • Linux is the operating system.
  • Apache is the web server.
  • MariaDB/MySQL is the database server.
  • PHP is the server-side scripting language responsible for generating dynamic web pages.

Ubuntu 24.04 lamp server


To follow this tutorial, you need an Ubuntu 24.04 OS running on your local computer or on a remote server.

If you are looking for a virtual private server (VPS), I recommend Kamatera VPS, which features:

  • 30 days free trial.
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  • 9 data centers around the world, including the United States, Canada, UK, Germany, The Netherlands, Hong Kong, and Isreal.

Follow the tutorial linked below to create your Linux VPS server at Kamatera.

Once you have a VPS running Ubuntu 24.04, follow the instructions below.

And if you need to set up LAMP stack with a domain name, I recommend buying domain names from NameCheap because the price is low and they give whois privacy protection free for life.

Step 1: Update Software Packages

Before we install the LAMP stack, it’s a good idea to update the repository and software packages. Run the following commands on your Ubuntu 24.04 OS.

sudo apt update

sudo apt upgrade

Step 2: Install Apache Web Server

Enter the following command to install Apache Web server. The apache2-utils package will install some useful utilities like Apache HTTP server benchmarking tool (ab).

sudo apt install -y apache2 apache2-utils

After it’s installed, Apache should be automatically started. Check its status with systemctl.

systemctl status apache2

Sample output:

 apache2.service - The Apache HTTP Server
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/apache2.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Sat 2024-05-11 11:31:31 CST; 2s ago
    Process: 53003 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/apachectl start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
   Main PID: 53011 (apache2)
      Tasks: 55 (limit: 19072)
     Memory: 6.4M
     CGroup: /system.slice/apache2.service
             ├─53011 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
             ├─53012 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
             └─53013 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

Hint: If the above command doesn’t quit immediately, you can press Q key to gain back control of the terminal.

If it’s not running, use systemctl to start it.

sudo systemctl start apache2

It’s also a good idea to enable Apache to automatically start at system boot time.

sudo systemctl enable apache2

Check Apache version:

apache2 -v


Server version: Apache/2.4.58 (Ubuntu)
Server built: 2024-04-18T15:13:41

Now type in the public IP address of your Ubuntu 24.04 server in the browser address bar. You should see the “It works!” Web page, which means Apache Web server is running properly. If you are installing LAMP on your local Ubuntu 24.04 computer, then type or localhost in the browser address bar.

Ubuntu 24.04 apache server default page

If the connection is refused or failed to complete, there might be a firewall preventing incoming requests to TCP port 80. If you are using iptables firewall, then you need to run the following command to open TCP port 80.

sudo iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT

If you are using the UFW firewall, then run this command to open TCP port 80.

sudo ufw allow http

Now we need to set www-data (Apache user) as the owner of document root (otherwise known as web root). By default it’s owned by the root user.

sudo chown www-data:www-data /var/www/html/ -R

By default, Apache uses the system hostname as its global ServerName. If the system hostname can’t be resolved in DNS, then you will probably see the following error after running sudo apache2ctl -t command.

AH00558: apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using Set the 'ServerName' directive globally to suppress this message

To solve this problem, we can set a global ServerName in Apache. Use the Nano command-line text editor to create a new configuration file.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/conf-available/servername.conf

Add the following line in this file.

ServerName localhost

Save and close the file. To save a file in Nano text editor, press Ctrl+O, then press Enter to confirm. To exit, press Ctrl+X. Then enable this config file.

sudo a2enconf servername.conf

Reload Apache for the change to take effect.

sudo systemctl reload apache2

Now if you run the sudo apache2ctl -t command again, you won’t see the above error message.

Step 3: Install MariaDB Database Server

MariaDB is a drop-in replacement for MySQL. It is developed by former members of MySQL team who are concerned that Oracle might turn MySQL into a closed-source product. Enter the following command to install MariaDB on Ubuntu 24.04.

sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After it’s installed, MariaDB server should be automatically started. Use systemctl to check its status.

systemctl status mariadb


 mariadb.service - MariaDB 10.11.7 database server
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Fri 2024-05-10 14:19:16 UTC; 18s ago
       Docs: man:mysqld(8)
   Main PID: 9161 (mysqld)
     Status: "Taking your SQL requests now..."
      Tasks: 31 (limit: 9451)
     Memory: 64.7M
     CGroup: /system.slice/mariadb.service
             └─9161 /usr/sbin/mysqld

Hint: If the above command doesn’t immediately quit after running. You need to press “q” to make it quit.

If it’s not running, start it with this command:

sudo systemctl start mariadb

To enable MariaDB to automatically start at boot time, run

sudo systemctl enable mariadb

Now run the post-installation security script.

sudo mysql_secure_installation
  • When it asks you to enter MariaDB root password, press Enter key as the root password isn’t set yet.
  • Don’t switch to unix_socket authentication because MariaDB is already using unix_socket authentication.
  • Don’t change the root password, because you don’t need to set root password when using unix_socket authentication.


Next, you can press Enter to answer all remaining questions, which will remove anonymous user, disable remote root login and remove test database. This step is a basic requirement for MariaDB database security. (Notice that Y is capitalized, which means it is the default answer. )


By default, the MaraiDB package on Ubuntu uses unix_socket to authenticate user login, which basically means you can use username and password of the OS to log into MariaDB console. So you can run the following command to log in without providing MariaDB root password.

sudo mariadb -u root

To exit, run


Check MariaDB server version information.

mariadb --version

As you can see, we have installed MariaDB 10.11.7.

mariadb Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.11.7-MariaDB, for debian-linux-gnu (x86_64) using EditLine wrapper

Step 4: Install PHP8.3

At the time of this writing, PHP8.3 is the latest stable version of PHP and has a minor performance edge over PHP8.2. Enter the following command to install PHP8.3 and some common PHP modules.

sudo apt install php8.3 libapache2-mod-php8.3 php8.3-mysql php-common php8.3-cli php8.3-common php8.3-opcache php8.3-readline php8.3-mbstring php8.3-xml php8.3-gd php8.3-curl

Enable the Apache php8.3 module then restart Apache Web server.

sudo a2enmod php8.3

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Check PHP version information.

php --version


PHP 8.3.6 (cli) (built: Apr 15 2024 19:21:47) (NTS)
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v4.3.6, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies
     with Zend OPcache v8.3.6, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies

To test PHP scripts with Apache server, we need to create a info.php file in the document root directory.

sudo nano /var/www/html/info.php

Paste the following PHP code into the file.

<?php phpinfo(); ?>

To save a file in Nano text editor, press Ctrl+O, then press Enter to confirm. To exit, press Ctrl+X. Now in the browser address bar, enter server-ip-address/info.php. Replace server-ip-address with your actual IP. If you follow this tutorial on your local computer, then type or localhost/info.php.

You should see your server’s PHP information. This means PHP scripts can run properly with Apache web server.

ubuntu 24.04 php8.3 lamp

How to Run PHP-FPM with Apache

There are basically two ways to run PHP code with Apache web server:

  • Apache PHP module
  • PHP-FPM.

In the above steps, the Apache PHP8.3 module is used to handle PHP code, which is usually fine. But in some cases, you need to run PHP code with PHP-FPM instead. Here’s how.

Disable the Apache PHP8.3 module.

sudo a2dismod php8.3

Install PHP-FPM.

sudo apt install php8.3-fpm

Enable proxy_fcgi and setenvif module.

sudo a2enmod proxy_fcgi setenvif

Enable the /etc/apache2/conf-available/php8.1-fpm.conf configuration file.

sudo a2enconf php8.3-fpm

Restart Apache for the changes to take effect.

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Now if you refresh the info.php page in your browser, you will find that the Server API is changed from Apache 2.0 Handler to FPM/FastCGI, which means Apache web server will pass PHP requests to PHP-FPM.

ubuntu 24.04 apache php-fpm

Congrats! You have successfully installed LAMP stack (Apache, MariaDB and PHP8.3) on Ubuntu 24.04. For your server’s security, you should delete info.php file now to prevent prying eyes.

sudo rm /var/www/html/info.php

Next Steps

I hope this tutorial helped you install LAMP stack on Ubuntu 24.04 LTS. As always, if you found this post useful, then subscribe to our free newsletter to get more tips and tricks.

Backup is important in case of hacking, data center disasters, etc. You should have a backup strategy for your server.

Linux Server Performance Tuning and Monitoring

Take care 🙂

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23 Responses to “How to Install LAMP Stack on Ubuntu 24.04 Server/Desktop

  • Amazing, thank you!

    • This is the only help I found that got PHP actually working. Thanks very much for the great work!!

  • Hi,
    Thank you very much the material, very helpful. One last thing I am stuck on, the joomla http://localhost/joomla/installation/index.php is displaying “Error”. I don’t know where I have gone wrong, if you can kindly help I will be grateful.

    • Xiao Guo An (Admin)
      4 weeks ago

      You can check the Apache error log to see what went wrong.

  • CarlosEAM
    3 weeks ago

    Straight to the point and worked perfectly! Thank you.
    Installed on Ubuntu 24.04 LTS

  • Thanks for this awesome tutorial! Installed the LAMP stack within 15 minutes on Ubuntu 24.04.

    I’m stuck on the correct file permissions though. If I download my projects to the /var/www/html/ folder using sudo, I can set them to www-data user. But then I can’t open the folder using for instance Visual Studio Code, because my user doesn’t have permission to the www-data files and folders.

    Any clue how to set them properly without having to change the files and folders permissions to 777?

    • Bit late, but you’d have to create a group and put both your user and the www-data user in the group, then give permissions to the group, chown -r www-data:your-group-name and then set the permissions to 776 or 771, depending on what you want guest to be able to do.

  • very helpful!

  • Could i use the same methods above for installation in linux lite 4.4 (based on ubuntu 18.04, debian) too ?

  • Aleksandr
    3 weeks ago

    Thanks, man!

  • Comprehensive. Well written for clarity of understanding. Added extras to the installation. Install went perfect and obtained the intended results. Great job on this tutorial.

  • May I ask how to make sure we install latest packages? Thanks

  • Obrigado! Ajudou muito.

  • Just used this today, works great!

  • I am stuck, am using Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. Am getting enable to locate package php8.3 errors at Step 4: Install PHP8.3

    anyone who knows what i am doing wrong?
    thanks in advance

  • You’re killing it! This was a 15 min install and config…Google Instance…Thanks so much!

  • Wesley Santos
    3 weeks ago

    Hello how are you?
    Do you have a tutorial for deploying wordpress on LAMP server with Ubuntu Server 24.04?

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