How to Install Jellyfin Media Server on Ubuntu 24.04

This tutorial will be showing you how to install Jellyfin media server on Ubuntu 24.04 LTS server/desktop. Jellyfin is a free, open-source application that allows you to organize your movies, TV shows, music and photos in one beautiful interface and stream those media files on your PC, tablet, phone, TV, Roku, etc on the network or over the Internet. Jellyfin can be installed on Linux, MacOS and Windows.

Install Jellyfin Media Server on Ubuntu 20.04

Jellyfin Features

Jellyfin is a fork from the Emby media server. It packs a lot of the same features as Plex and Emby.

  • Unlike Plex or Emby, Jellyfin is 100% free and open-source. No ads. No playback limit on mobile apps. (Though the iOS app can’t play videos in the background.)
  • Watch Live TV and set automatic recordings to expand your library.
  • Automatically fetch artwork, metadata from TheTVDB, TheMovieDB, The OpenMovie Database and Rotten Tomatoes.
  • Supports DLNA.
  • Optional plugins can be installed to provide additional features.
  • Supports hardware acceleration of video encoding/decoding using FFMpeg.
  • And more.

Install Jellyfin Media Server on Ubuntu 24.04

Jellyfin isn’t included in the default Ubuntu repository, but it has its own repository. Run the following command to add Jellyfin repository to your Ubuntu system.

echo "deb [signed-by=/etc/apt/keyrings/jeyllyfin_team.gpg.key arch=$( dpkg --print-architecture )] https://repo.jellyfin.org/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jellyfin.list

Next, run the following command to import the Jeffyfin GPG key to Ubuntu system so that APT can verify package integrity during installation.

wget --quiet -O - https://repo.jellyfin.org/jellyfin_team.gpg.key | sudo tee /etc/apt/keyrings/jeyllyfin_team.gpg.key

And because this repository uses HTTPS connection, we also need to install apt-transport-https and ca-certificates package.

sudo apt install apt-transport-https ca-certificates

Finally, update the package index on your Ubuntu system and install Jellyfin.

sudo apt update

sudo apt install jellyfin

This command will also install 3 other packages as dependencies:

  • jellyfin-ffmpeg6: for video transcoding.
  • jellyfin-server: the back end server.
  • jellyfin-web: the front end web interface.

Now Jellyfin media server is installed, we can check its status with:

systemctl status jellyfin

As you can see, it’s running on my Ubuntu 24.04 system. (Press q key to take back control of the terminal.)

 jellyfin.service - Jellyfin Media Server
     Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/jellyfin.service; enabled; preset: enabled)
    Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/jellyfin.service.d
             └─jellyfin.service.conf
     Active: active (running) since Fri 2024-05-17 15:01:56 HKT; 1min 16s ago
   Main PID: 14607 (jellyfin)
      Tasks: 16 (limit: 9444)
     Memory: 128.0M (peak: 131.8M)
        CPU: 8.665s
     CGroup: /system.slice/jellyfin.service
             └─14607 /usr/bin/jellyfin --webdir=/usr/share/jellyfin/web --ffmpeg=/usr/lib/jellyfin-ffmpeg/ffmpeg

If Jellyfin media server isn’t running, you can start it with:

sudo systemctl start jellyfin

Jellyfin Media Server Initial Setup

The web-based management interface is available at port 8096. You can access Jellyfin web interface via the following URL.

http://127.0.0.1:8096

or

http://127.0.0.1:8096/web

If you installed Jellyfin on a remote Ubuntu server, you need to set up a reverse proxy with Nginx or Apache in order to access the web UI, which is explained later in this tutorial.

The first step is to choose your preferred language.

install jellyfin media server ubuntu 20.04

On the next screen, create a user account.

jellyfin-ubuntu-20.04-apt-repository

Now you can add libraries. Click Add Media Library button.

jellyfin ubuntu 20.04 server

Select a content type (movies, music, tv shows, etc) and display name.

Then click the Plus (+) button to select a folder of the content.

jellyfin media folder path

Note that the jellyfin user needs to have read and execute permission on your media directories. For example, my 2T external hard drive is mounted under /media/linuxbabe/ , which is owned by root. Users not in group root can’t access it, so I run the following command to give user jellyfin read and execute permission. (I do not recommend changing ownership with chown or chgrp command. Using the setfacl command will suffice.)

sudo setfacl -m u:jellyfin:rx /media/linuxbabe/

You may also need to assign permission on individual media directories like below.

sudo setfacl -m u:jellyfin:rx /media/linuxbabe/directory-name

It can be tempting to add the recursive flag (-R), which gives jellyfin read and execute permission on every file and sub-directory on the drive.

sudo setfacl -R -m u:jellyfin:rx /media/linuxbabe/

If your external hard drive is only used for storing media files, then you can do so, but if you have sensitive files on the external hard drive, don’t do it.

Once you finish adding your media folders, you can configure the library settings. Choose your language, country, etc.

jellyfin library settings

Click Ok and Next button. You can always add more libraries later. The next step allows you to choose if remote access will be enabled. I don’t recommend enabling the native remote access method, because it doesn’t provide HTTPS encryption, so untick both checkboxes. If you need remote access, please read how to set up reverse proxy later in this article.

jellyfin remote access

Click Next and Finish button. Finally, log into your Jellyfin account.

Redo the Initial Setup

If you made a mistake in the initial setup, you can start it over. First, edit the Jellyfin configuration file.

sudo nano /etc/jellyfin/system.xml

Change

<IsStartupWizardCompleted>true</IsStartupWizardCompleted>

to

<IsStartupWizardCompleted>false</IsStartupWizardCompleted>

Save and close the file. Then restart Jellyfin.

sudo systemctl restart jellyfin

Now visit localhost:8096/web and you will see the setup wizard again.

Where to Download Movie and TV Shows

  1. Use a torrenting client like Deluge.
  2. Learn how to download from Usenet.

Advantages of Usenet

  1. It gives you better privacy because others can’t see what you are downloading.
  2. Superfast download speed.
  3. Files on Usenet are usually kept much longer than torrent files. For example, Newsdemon stores files for 4430 days (more than 12 years), so you can download old content at a very fast speed.

Setting Up Reverse Proxy

Since it listens on 127.0.0.1:8096, Jellyfin Web interface is only available to connections from the same computer. To be able to access the Jellyfin Web interface from a remote computer, we can set up a reverse proxy for Jellyfin with Nginx or Apache.

Nginx

Nginx is a very popular web server and reverse proxy. If you prefer to use Nginx, run the following command to install it.

sudo apt install nginx

Then create a server block file for Jellyfin.

sudo nano /etc/nginx/conf.d/jellyfin.conf

Add the following content to this file. Replace jellyfin.example.com with your own domain name. You should also create DNS A record for this sub-domain. If you don’t have a real domain name, I recommend going to NameCheap to buy one. The price is low and they give whois privacy protection free for life.

server {
      listen 80;
      listen [::]:80;
      server_name jellyfin.example.com;

      access_log /var/log/nginx/jellyfin.access;
      error_log /var/log/nginx/jellyfin.error;

      set $jellyfin 127.0.0.1;

      location / {
          proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8096;
          proxy_set_header Host $host;
          proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;

          proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
          proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
          proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Protocol $scheme;
          proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Host $http_host;

          # Disable buffering when the nginx proxy gets very resource heavy upon streaming
          proxy_buffering off;
      }

      # location block for /web - This is purely for aesthetics so /web/#!/ works instead of having to go to /web/index.html/#!/
      location ~ ^/web/$ {
          # Proxy main Jellyfin traffic
          proxy_pass http://$jellyfin:8096/web/index.html;
          proxy_set_header Host $host;
          proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
          proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
          proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
          proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Protocol $scheme;
          proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Host $http_host;
      }

      location /socket {
          # Proxy Jellyfin Websockets traffic
          proxy_pass http://$127.0.0.1:8096;
          proxy_http_version 1.1;
          proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
          proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
          proxy_set_header Host $host;
          proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
          proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
          proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
          proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Protocol $scheme;
          proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Host $http_host;
      }

        # Security / XSS Mitigation Headers
        add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
        add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
        add_header X-Content-Type-Options "nosniff";

}

Save and close this file. Then test Nginx configuration.

sudo nginx -t

If the test is successful, reload Nginx for the change to take effect.

sudo systemctl reload nginx

Now you can access Jellyfin media server via jellyfin.example.com, or jellyfin.example.com/web/index.html for the initial setup wizard.

Apache

If you prefer Apache over Nginx, then install Apache web server by using the following command.

sudo apt install apache2

To use Apache as a reverse proxy, we need to enable the proxy modules and the header module.

sudo a2enmod proxy proxy_http headers proxy_wstunnel

Then create a virtual host file for Jellyfin.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/jellyfin.conf

Put the following configurations into the file. Replace jellyfin.example.com with your actual domain name. Don’t forget to create DNS A record for this sub-domain. If you don’t have a real domain name, I recommend going to NameCheap to buy one. The price is low and they give whois privacy protection free for life.

<VirtualHost *:80>
   ServerName jellyfin.example.com
   ErrorDocument 404 /404.html

   #HTTP proxy
   ProxyPass / http://localhost:8096/
   ProxyPassReverse / http://localhost:8096/

   #Websocket proxy
   SSLProxyEngine on
   <Location /:/websockets/notifications>
        ProxyPass wss://localhost:8096/:/websockets/notifications
        ProxyPassReverse wss://localhost:8096/:/websockets/notifications
   </Location>

   Header always unset X-Frame-Options
</VirtualHost>

Save and close the file. Then enable this virtual host.

sudo a2ensite jellyfin.conf

Restart Apache

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Now you can access Jellyfin media server using the domain name jellyfin.example.com, or jellyfin.example.com/web/index.html for the initial setup wizard.

How to Enable HTTPS

To encrypt the HTTP traffic when you visit Jellyfin server from outside, we can enable HTTPS by installing a free TLS certificate issued from Let’s Encrypt. Run the following command to install Let’s Encrypt client (certbot) on Ubuntu 24.04.

sudo apt install certbot

If you use Nginx, then you also need to install the Certbot Nginx plugin.

sudo apt install python3-certbot-nginx

Next, run the following command to obtain and install TLS certificate.

sudo certbot --nginx --agree-tos --redirect --hsts --staple-ocsp --email [email protected] -d jellyfin.example.com

If you use Apache, then you need to install the Certbot Apache plugin.

sudo apt install python3-certbot-apache

Next, run the following command to obtain and install TLS certificate.

sudo certbot --apache --agree-tos --redirect --hsts --staple-ocsp --email [email protected] -d jellyfin.example.com

Where:

  • --nginx: Use the nginx plugin.
  • --apache: Use the Apache plugin.
  • --agree-tos: Agree to terms of service.
  • --redirect: Force HTTPS by 301 redirect.
  • --hsts: Add the Strict-Transport-Security header to every HTTP response. Forcing browser to always use TLS for the domain. Defends against SSL/TLS Stripping.
  • --staple-ocsp: Enables OCSP Stapling. A valid OCSP response is stapled to the certificate that the server offers during TLS.

The certificate should now be obtained and automatically installed.

Successfully received certificate.
Certificate is saved at: /etc/letsencrypt/live/jellyfin.linuxbabe.com/fullchain.pem
Key is saved at:         /etc/letsencrypt/live/jellyfin.linuxbabe.com/privkey.pem
This certificate expires on 2024-08-16.
These files will be updated when the certificate renews.
Certbot has set up a scheduled task to automatically renew this certificate in the background.

Deploying certificate
Successfully deployed certificate for jellyfin.linuxbabe.com to /etc/nginx/conf.d/jellyfin.conf
Congratulations! You have successfully enabled HTTPS on https://jellyfin.linuxbabe.com

And you can access Jellyfin web interface via HTTPS: https://jellyfin.example.com.

jellyfin web interface

How to Upgrade Jellyfin on Ubuntu 24.04

When a new version of Jellyfin media server comes out, you can upgrade it by executing the following commands.

sudo apt update

sudo apt upgrade

Then restart Jellyfin.

sudo systemctl restart jellyfin

Troubleshooting Tips

Error Sending Socket Message

If your Ubuntu server runs WireGuard VPN, you might see the following error in Jellyfin log (sudo journalctl -eu jellyfin).

[ERR] Error sending socket message from 10.0.0.102 to 239.255.255.250:1900
System.Net.Sockets.SocketException (0xFFFFFFFF): Bad value for ai_flags

This error means that message can’t be sent from your WireGuard interface to 239.255.255.250, which is the SSDP (Simple Service Discovery Protocol) multicast address. This is due to your WireGuard interface is not allowed to reach the IP address.

To solve this problem, edit your WireGuard interface configuration file.

sudo nano /etc/wireguard/your-interface.conf

Find the AllowedIPs parameter. Mine is like below.

AllowedIPs = 10.0.0.0/8

As you can see, the VPN client is allowed to connect to the 10.0.0.0/8 network only. Now add the 239.255.255.250 address.

AllowedIPs = 10.0.0.0/8, 239.255.255.250

Save and close the file. Restart WireGuard.

sudo systemctl restart wg-quick@your-interface

Restart Jellyfin.

sudo systemctl restart jellyfin

Check the Jellyfin log (sudo journalctl -eu jellyfin) again. The above error should be gone.

Invalid Signature

If you see the following error when running sudo apt update command,

The following signatures were invalid: EXPKEYSIG 49023CD01DE21A7B Jellyfin Team <[email protected]>

you need to re-import the Jellyfin public key with the following command.

wget --quiet -O - https://repo.jellyfin.org/jellyfin_team.gpg.key | sudo tee /etc/apt/keyrings/jeyllyfin_team.gpg.key

Wrapping Up

I hope this tutorial helped you install Jellyfin media server on Ubuntu 24.04. As always, if you found this post useful, then subscribe to our free newsletter to get more tips and tricks. Take care 🙂

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One Response to “How to Install Jellyfin Media Server on Ubuntu 24.04

  • Thx man for the this incredible tutorial.. but im stuck at the first step… how can I bypass or force updating from non secure repos?

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