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Install Apache, MariaDB and PHP7 (LAMP Stack) on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS

Install Apache, MariaDB and PHP7 (LAMP Stack) on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB/MySQL, PHP) is the most common solution stack for dynamic websites. In this tutorial, we are going to look at how to install Apache, MariaDB and PHP7 (LAMP stack) on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trutsy Tahr.

Step 1: Update Ubuntu 14.04 LTS

Before we install any software, it’s always a good idea to update software repository and upgrade software packages. So first ssh into your Ubuntu 14.04 server and enter the below commands.

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get upgrade

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Step 2: Install Apache Web Server

Apache is the most popular web server. Enter this command to install Apache Web server and Apache utilities.

sudo apt-get install apache2 apache2-utils

After it’s installed, Apache should be automatically started. Check out its status with:

sudo service apache2 status


* apache2 is running

It will also enable the default site 000-default. If Apache is not running, then manually start it with:

sudo service apache2 start

If we check its version, we can see Apache 2.4.7 is installed.

apache2 -v


Server version: Apache/2.4.7 (Ubuntu)
Server built:   May  4 2016 17:05:10

Now in your browser’s address bar, type the public IP address of Ubuntu 16.04 LTS server. You should see the “It works!” Web page which means Apache Web server is running correctly.

install apache 2.4.7 on Ubuntu 14.04

You can use the curl command line tool to fetch the public IP address of Ubuntu 16.04 server.

sudo apt-get install curl


If you are installing Apache on your local Ubuntu 14.04 box, just type or localhost in the browser address bar.

Finally, we need to make www-data (Apache user) as the owner of document root so Apache can write to this directory.

sudo chown www-data /var/www/html/ -R

Step 3: Install MariaDB

MariaDB is a drop-in replacement for MySQL. It is developed by former members of MySQL team who concerned that Oracle might turn MySQL into a closed-source product. Many Linux distributions and companies have migrated to MariaDB. So we’re going to install MariaDB instead of MySQL.

sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

During the installation process, you will be asked to set a password for the MariaDB root user. Note that this is not the root user of Ubuntu 14.04 system.

install mariadb server on ubuntu 14.0

Enter the password again.

mariadb ubuntu 14.04

After it’s installed, MariaDB server should be automatically stared. Check its status with:

sudo service mysql status


* /usr/bin/mysqladmin  Ver 9.0 Distrib 5.5.49-MariaDB, for debian-linux-gnu on x86_64
Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Server version      5.5.49-MariaDB-1ubuntu0.14.04.1
Protocol version    10
Connection          Localhost via UNIX socket
UNIX socket         /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
Uptime:             3 min 20 sec

Threads: 1  Questions: 582  Slow queries: 0  Opens: 183  Flush tables: 4  Open tables: 24  Queries per second avg: 2.910

The uptime indicates that MariaDB server is running. If for some reason it’s not running, start it with:

sudo service mysql start

Now run the post installation security script.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

It will ask you to enter the MariaDB root user password. If you set a password during installation, then enter the password. You can also choose to change the password. If you didn’t set the password, then just press Enter and set a new one.

Next you can just press Enter to answer all the remaining questions. This will remove anonymous user, disable remote root login and remove test database. This step is a basic requirement for MariaDB database security.

mysql secure installation

Step 4: Install PHP7

Ubuntu 14.04 software repository has not yet included the latest PHP7. However, you can install it from a PPA (Personal Package Archive) which belongs to a PHP7 debian package maintainer. Add the PPA with the following commands:

sudo apt-get install python-software-properties software-properties-common

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

sudo apt-get update

Then install PHP7 and some common PHP7 extensions.

sudo apt-get install php7.0-fpm php7.0-mysql php7.0-common php7.0-mbstring php7.0-gd php7.0-json php7.0-cli php7.0-curl libapache2-mod-php7.0

During installation, the Apache mpm_event module will be disabled and the mpm_prefork will be enabled. This is because PHP uses the prefork module by default.

In the command above we also installed the Apache php7.0 module (libapache2-mod-php7.0) and by default it will enable this module.

If you like to install all available PHP7 extensions, use this command:

sudo apt-get install php7.0-*

Step 5: Test PHP

To test PHP with Apache server, first create a test.php file in the document root directory.

sudo nano /var/www/html/test.php

Paste the following PHP code into the file.

<?php phpinfo(); ?>

Save and close the file. Now in the browser address bar, enter server-ip-address/test.php. Replace sever-ip-address with your actual IP. You should see your server’s PHP information. This means PHP processing is fine. You can find that Zend OPcache is enabled.

run php as an apache module

For your server’s security, you should delete test.php file now.

Congrats! You have successfully installed Apache, MariaDB and PHP7 on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr.

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